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Newton, Chester W.


Chester Whittier Newton, a retiree of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and expert in synoptic meteorology, was born in Los Angeles, California on August 17, 1920. Newton received his B.S. (1946), M.S. (1947) and Ph.D. (1951) degrees in Meteorology from the University of Chicago. His research specialties included severe connective storms, structures and physical processes of cyclones, fonts and jet streams, and the momentum and energy budgets of global atmosphere and oceans.

He began his career in meteorology as a weather observer in the United States Weather Bureau in Phoenix, Arizona before enlisting as an Aviation Cadet in the United States Army Air Corps in 1942 through the University of Chicago. As a cadet, Newton worked as a weather officer and was sent to Burma and India after graduating as a 2nd Lieutenant to work as a weather forecaster. After completing graduate school, he worked as a synoptic analyst with the University of Stockholm in Sweden (1951- 1953) and at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in Woods Hole, Massachusetts (1953). He returned to the University of Chicago in 1953 to work as a Research Associate for the Department of Meteorology until 1956 when he took a position as Assistant Professor. In 1961, he took the position of Chief Scientist of the National Severe Storms Project with the United States Weather Bureau.

Newton joined NCAR in 1963 at the invitation of Philip Thompson and Walter Orr Roberts as the head of the Synoptic Meteorology Group, currently known as the Climate Analysis Section of the Climate and Global Dynamics Division. He later went on to work as a senior scientist, scientific visitor and senior research associate before retiring in 1990. While working as a member of the NCAR staff, Newton was also an affiliate professor at Pennsylvania State University (1968) and a lecturer at the University of Colorado (1976-1980). Newton was elected as president of the American Meteorological Society in 1978 and served from 1979 until 1980.

Carl-Gustaf Rossby and Erik Palmen served as Newton’s principal mentors. He worked with Rossby at the Universities of Chicago and Stockholm and was later honored with the Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal in 1995. Palmen was Newton’s advisor for his M.S. and Ph.D. theses at the University of Chicago and coauthor of the book entitled "Atmospheric Circulation Systems".
UCAR Staff Notes, Chester W. Newton C.V., UCAR Press Release

Found in 1 Collection or Record:

Chester W. Newton Papers

Identifier:  - CWNP
Scope and Contents The Chester W. Newton Collection consists of documents dated from 1928 to 1995, with the bulk falling between 1971 and 1981. Material types in the collections include correspondence, articles, reports, handwritten notes, records, photographs, meeting minutes, and ephemera.